A decade ago the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) commissioned a systematic review to provide evidence to support the development of its food allergy and anaphylaxis guidelines.
Several studies have now been published to provide the prevalence estimates of food allergy and food sensitisation to the most common foods in Europe – cow’s milk, egg, wheat, soy, peanut, tree nuts, fish and shellfish.
The review concludes that despite some exceptions, the prevalence of allergy and sensitisation to these allergens has not substantially changed over the last decade. This conclusion is in contrast with the recent published prevalence of ‘any food allergy’ which has increased. The review suggests this may be because more foods have been studied as potential allergens in recent years and that attention needs to be given to these ‘new’ and ’emerging’ food allergies, such as kiwi, peach, tomato, sesame, apple, banana, strawberry, chocolate, carrot, celery, lentils and beef.
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