Goats’ milk infant and follow-on formula is permitted for sale in the UK. However, the Food Standards Agency (FSA) warns that it is unlikely to be suitable for infants with a cows’ milk protein allergy. The proteins in cows’ and goats’ milk are so similar that a baby allergic to one would almost certainly be allergic to the other.
An FSA statement said: “Many parents may be keen to feed their babies formula based on goats’ milk as an alternative if their child is allergic to cow’s milk. However, there is a high risk of cross-reactivity between cows’ and goats’ milk proteins. As a result, it’s important that parents understand that goats’ milk formula is not suitable for infants with a cows’ milk protein allergy, unless directed by a healthcare professional.”
The FSA made the above statement in 2015 and confirmed in December 2018 that the advice is still current.
This article has been reviewed and approved by Sue Clarke, nurse adviser to the Anaphylaxis Campaign.
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Publication date: December 2018
Review date: December 2021